The most important aspects of human life are duty and devotion. Duty is something which everyone has to fulfil. A student has the duty to study well, a teacher to teach right ways, parents to guide their children in the right way, friends to take care of each other, family supporting each other and a leader to protect his people. It is only when these duties are realised and followed by every individual does the whole society prosper on the path of Dharma. Duty needs support and this support is given by the Almighty. To stand strong on the path of duty, it is the Supreme Being who helps and faith in him for the same is devotion. These two aspects were expounded beautifully by Shri Ram in the Aranya Kaand wherein he depicts the most two importance factors to imbibe born as a human.
When one looks at Aranya Kaand in the deeper sense, It is a lesson by Shri Ram to the whole mankind that when a human choses his path to travel in the journey of life, he faces various situations, good and bad. The true grit lies when the situations are tackled and won over with courage and confidence, thus fulfilling the purpose of being born as a human.
Aranya Kaand expounds both devotion and duty. For upholding the word of his father, Shri Ram comes to the exile. However, he just does not spend it in a cottage and finishes it off, but he decides to spend the time in protecting and saving the pious sages of the Dandak forest who were being harassed by the demonic forces. Thus, he starts on an arduous journey in the dense forests which he regards as his prime duty.
There is a point wherein Mata Sita asks him that when he has to lead a life of an ascetic for fourteen years, then why he is taking up the vow of killing the demons as killing is against the rules of asterism. Then, Shri Ram reminds her that he is a Kshatriya first and his foremost duty is to protect and preserve the good. He explains how important duty and responsibility are in human life.
Not only freeing the revered sages from the demonic forces, but Shri Ram blesses them by visiting each one of them. He subtly depicts that the faith of the devotee towards him is always answered, thus denoting the beautiful relation between devotee and God. The Rishis too, perform their duty while guiding Shri Ram in the required route to travel so that he would eradicate all demons on his journey and reach his final destination, Lanka.
Shri Ram proves that there is no inequality in devotion. He walks miles and miles to reach out to an innocent tribal woman Shabari. By eating the tasted berries of Shabari and accepting her hospitality, Shri Ram simply states that that devotion is not confined to the intellectual people, but it also can be in the low sections of the society, yet is equal and as pure as the devotion of the intellectual ones.
It is onlt through he path of duty that a man fulfils his destiny. When this destiny is reached with the pure devotion and faith on the Almighty, man fulfils his purpose of birth. To depict the significance of the same, Shri Ram undertook the journey himself in the forest and has left imprints of it on the entire mankind through the Aranya Kaand.