Gurukul: Oldest education system of the world

A gurukul was ancient education system of India where shishya (‘students’ or ‘disciples’) used to live near or with the guru, in the same abode. A place where students learn from the guru and help the guru in his everyday life, including carrying out of mundane daily household chores.


The gurukul has been in existence since ancient times. There are multiple Gurukuls mentioned in our Holy Upanishads, including that of guru Drona at Gurgaon. The Bhrigu Valli is said to have taken place in Guru Varuni’s gurukul. The Vedic school of thought prescribes the gurukul to all individuals through the age of 8 at least by 12. From initiation until the age of 25 all individuals are prescribed to be students and to remain unmarried, a celibate.

Gurukul system was based on the growth of an individual for the society with self-development. Students first had to learn about sacrifice and humanity. Leaving parents home for gurukul and asking for Bhiksha. It also promoted equality as the son of a king and ordinary citizen were given the same treatment. A child was given the opportunity to grow like his or her abilities rather than being pushed in a pattern.


Gurukul system in ancient India was just to assist the children in understanding the concept of a balanced life. This very ideology of balance should be taught to the kids from a young age so that they make shrewd decisions regarding work, food, exercise and the way they wish to live there life.