The Valmiki of our times – Shri Goswami Tulasidas

The Ramayan Chaupai says Hari Ananth Hari Katha Anantha to write, spread the katha of

Bhagwan Vishnu as the incarnation of Shri Ram. While Rishi Valmiki made the epic eternal

by making it the first ever literature written in the history of our Sanatana Dharma, it was

Shri Goswami Tulasidas who spread the glory of Shri Ram into each and every person,

knowledgeable and commoner, through his everlasting work Shri Ramcharitmanas. It is in

fact mentioned in the Pratisarg Parv of Bhavisyottara Puran that Shri Tulasidas is none other

than the incarnation of Rishi Valmiki in the Kaliyug, as mentioned by Bhagwan Shiv to

Bhagvathi Parvathi. For the great contribution he has given to our culture, his birthday is

celebrated as the Tulasidas Jayanthi which falls on the Saptami of the Shukla Paksha in the

month of Shravan.

Shri Tulasidas was born in the town of Rajapur in in 1497 A.D, adjacent to the holy place of

Prayag to Aatmaram Dubey and Hulasi Devi. Although he was born in a high family, he was

abandoned by his parents as he was of peculiar features and also because he was born

under the Abhuktamula Nakshatr, which is considered to bring death to the father which

worried his family and they abandoned him. But, Hulasi Devi’s, caretaker Chuniya took him

in her refuge and took care of him. However, she died soon because of ill health and later, a

pious Vaishnavite Shri Narahari Ananda adopted him and named him Rambola and took him

to Ayodhya for education.

Narahari Ananda as the first guru, taught the Ram Mantr to young Rambola. Later, they

both travelled to the divine Varah Kshetr where Tulasidas heard the Ramayan for the first

time. Later Tulasidas came under the tutelage of Sesha Sanatana in Varanasi, who was a

friend of Narahari Anand and taught him all Vedas, Vedangas and Sastras.

Shri Tulasidas understood that in the Kaliyug, where people cannot undergo tapas and

austerities, the best way to worship the Supreme Being was to listen to his stories and

divine deeds. According to the Uttar Ramayan of Rishi Valmiki, Shri Hanuman was entrusted

the task of spreading Ramayan across the whole world in the Kaliyug. Later, On Rishi

Valmiki’s request , Hanuman granted him a boon to sing the Ramayan in a language

understood by all, and that is how in the Kaliyug in the incarnation of Shri Tulasidas, wrote

the Shri Ramcharitrmanas in the Awadh language and made it known to all people far and

wide. For this very reason, Tulasidas considers Shri Hanuman as his mentor and he

mentions the same in Shri Ramcharitmanas too.

His other works which are quite popular are the Dohavali, Ratna Ramayan, Krishnavali,

Gitavali and the Vinay Patrika. Apart from these, he has also composed the Hanuman

Chalisa, Sankatmochan Hanumanashtakam, Tulasi Satsai and Hanuman Bahuka.