The Ramayan Chaupai says Hari Ananth Hari Katha Anantha to write, spread the katha of
Bhagwan Vishnu as the incarnation of Shri Ram. While Rishi Valmiki made the epic eternal
by making it the first ever literature written in the history of our Sanatana Dharma, it was
Shri Goswami Tulasidas who spread the glory of Shri Ram into each and every person,
knowledgeable and commoner, through his everlasting work Shri Ramcharitmanas. It is in
fact mentioned in the Pratisarg Parv of Bhavisyottara Puran that Shri Tulasidas is none other
than the incarnation of Rishi Valmiki in the Kaliyug, as mentioned by Bhagwan Shiv to
Bhagvathi Parvathi. For the great contribution he has given to our culture, his birthday is
celebrated as the Tulasidas Jayanthi which falls on the Saptami of the Shukla Paksha in the
month of Shravan.
Shri Tulasidas was born in the town of Rajapur in in 1497 A.D, adjacent to the holy place of
Prayag to Aatmaram Dubey and Hulasi Devi. Although he was born in a high family, he was
abandoned by his parents as he was of peculiar features and also because he was born
under the Abhuktamula Nakshatr, which is considered to bring death to the father which
worried his family and they abandoned him. But, Hulasi Devi’s, caretaker Chuniya took him
in her refuge and took care of him. However, she died soon because of ill health and later, a
pious Vaishnavite Shri Narahari Ananda adopted him and named him Rambola and took him
to Ayodhya for education.
Narahari Ananda as the first guru, taught the Ram Mantr to young Rambola. Later, they
both travelled to the divine Varah Kshetr where Tulasidas heard the Ramayan for the first
time. Later Tulasidas came under the tutelage of Sesha Sanatana in Varanasi, who was a
friend of Narahari Anand and taught him all Vedas, Vedangas and Sastras.
Shri Tulasidas understood that in the Kaliyug, where people cannot undergo tapas and
austerities, the best way to worship the Supreme Being was to listen to his stories and
divine deeds. According to the Uttar Ramayan of Rishi Valmiki, Shri Hanuman was entrusted
the task of spreading Ramayan across the whole world in the Kaliyug. Later, On Rishi
Valmiki’s request , Hanuman granted him a boon to sing the Ramayan in a language
understood by all, and that is how in the Kaliyug in the incarnation of Shri Tulasidas, wrote
the Shri Ramcharitrmanas in the Awadh language and made it known to all people far and
wide. For this very reason, Tulasidas considers Shri Hanuman as his mentor and he
mentions the same in Shri Ramcharitmanas too.
His other works which are quite popular are the Dohavali, Ratna Ramayan, Krishnavali,
Gitavali and the Vinay Patrika. Apart from these, he has also composed the Hanuman
Chalisa, Sankatmochan Hanumanashtakam, Tulasi Satsai and Hanuman Bahuka.